Authors V.M. Kureichik, A.A. Kazharov
Month, Year 07, 2011 @en
Index UDC 681.3
Abstract Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behaviour of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The concept is employed in work on artificial intelligence. The expression was introduced by Gerardo Beni and Jing Wang in 1989. SI systems are typically made up of a population of simple agents or boids interacting locally with one another and with their environment. The agents follow very simple rules, and although there is no centralized control structure dictating how individual agents should behave, local, and to a certain degree random, interactions between such agents lead to the emergence of "intelligent" global behavior, unknown to the individual agents. This paper is dedicated to the developing of swarm intelligence algorithms for the solving of NP-complete tasks. Modeling of behavior of swarm is the main idea of these algorithms. Ant colony optimization, bee algorithms and particle swarm optimization was searched and developed during this work. Traveling salesman problem, vehicle routing problem, graph partition task, placement for the very-large-scale-integration (VLSI) was solved by using these algorithms. These tasks without any modifications in its interpretation is solved for designing VLSI and some logistic calculations. A computer program was created during this work. This program realizes the model of swarm’s behavior with modifications. Results of the investigations allow to judge about optimum choice of. Experimental researches have proved efficiency of the ACO, BCO, PSO in comparison with standard iteration algorithms, simple heuristic and genetic algorithms.

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Keywords Swarm Intelligence; Ant colony optimization; ACO; Bee colony algorithms; particle swarm optimization; traveling salesman problem; TSP; NP task; VLSI; genetic algorithms.
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