Article

Article title FLIGHT TESTS RESULTS OF PROTOTYPE MODEL OF UAV AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATIONAL COMPLEX
Authors V.V. Scherbinin, А.V. Sviyazov, G.А. Kvetkin
Section SECTION I. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM
Month, Year 01, 2015 @en
Index UDC 681.518.3
DOI
Abstract Autonomous navigational complex (ANC) is one of the main parts of UAV automated landing system, designed in JSC “TsNIIAG”. The complex includes unique radio range-finding equipment, which allows high-precision navigation of moving object in advisory area (for example, in vicinity of airfield) without using GNSS signals. The feature of the ANC is providing accuracy of navigation solution, enough for UAV landing, under conditions of limited visibility with use of low-cost sensors with help of original algorithms of integrated data processing. Except radio range-finding equipment the ANC prototype model consists of inertial measurement unit on MEMS-elements, small barometric altimeter and laser range-finder. Using set of flight test results on light airplane under different weather conditions conclusion has made about possibility in principle of navigation task solution without GNSS signals. For experiment performance in addition to prototype model of ANC board part has complemented with GNSS receiver for route navigation out of range radio range-finding equipment, ANC checker, visualization tool of navigational information and rover of external tracker system. Latter is represented as pair of high-precision GNSS receivers, which indications were analyzed by post-processing with allowance for phase measurements. This method provides high accuracy of plane real track definition and, properly, estimation of ANC errors. During flight tests experimentally has been proved forecasted ANC accuracy, videlicet, reduction of error of side deviation from programed trajectory (mostly often directed along runway axis) definition according to runway approaching. At a distance about 1000 meters standard deviation equal to 10–15 meters, and at distance under 300 meters standard deviation is at level about 2–3 meters, which provides an opportunity to take out air- borne vehicle on runway.

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Keywords Autonomous navigation; UAV automated landing system; radio range-finding equipment; flight test.
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