Article

Article title THE DRIFTER MEASURING INFORMATIONAL SYSTEM FOR OPERATIONAL MONITORING OF MARINE AREAS
Authors S.V. Motyzhev, E.G. Lunev, A.P. Tolstosheev, А.А. Bezgin, E.M. Bykov, N.U. Urkevich
Section SECTION II. MARINE ROBOTICS
Month, Year 01, 2015 @en
Index UDC 551.46.08
DOI
Abstract The article presents the results of investigations, fulfilled from 1999 to 2015, to progress and introduce the measuring – informational systems, built on basis of drifter technologies. The technologies mean use of different autonomous drifting buoys (drifters), equipped with satellite communication and navigation equipments and sensors to monitor the parameters of near-surface atmosphere, ocean surface and ocean water in depth. Our participation in the jobs has started since the beginning of efforts from the world meteorological and oceanographic community to build the global observing system. The main results of studies are the methods, developed to control the environmental parameters and the devices to measure, gather, process and transfer the data to users. It is shown that complex technical and technological solutions to create the different drifters provide many years operation with high reliability under wide environmental variability from tropical zones to polar areas. Hundreds of our drifters have been deployed in the World Ocean under all the international programs for numerous weather forecasting and climate variability study. For last years our drifters are widely used in the Arctic, including unique thermal measurements in the water layer below ice. Some developments have the level higher of world one that has been confirmed during different inter-comparison studies, where the drifters from main world designers and manufacturers were deployed in the Ocean with following monitoring of the buoys in operation. Currently the results of our investigations are used by different Russian organizations for decision of different scientific and applied tasks.

Download PDF

Keywords Oceanography; hydrometeorology; climate; weather; monitoring; drifting buoys (drifters); sensors; radio communication and navigation.
References 1. 30th DBCP Session, Final Report, DBCP-30-final-report. 27 – 31 October 2014, Weihai, China. Available at: http://jcomm.info/index.php?option=com_oe&task= viewDocumentRecord&docID=14440 (Accessed 16 February 15).
2. Status of global drifter array, The JCOMM in-situ observing platforms support center. Available at: http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/graphics/ dacdata/globpop.gif (Accessed 16 February 2015).
3. Eremeev V.N., Motyzhev S.V. Drifternyy monitoring morey i okeanov. Razvitie morskikh nauk i tekhnologiy v Morskom gidrofizicheskom institute za 75 let [Drift monitoring of the seas and oceans. The development of marine Sciences and technologies in Marine hydrophysical Institute for 75 years]. Sevastopol': MGI NAN Ukrainy, 2004, pp. 544-584.
4. The official site of Argo project. Available at: http://www.argo.ucsd. edu/About_Argo.html (Accessed 17 February 2015).
5. Suberg L. [et al.] Assessing the potential of autonomous submarine gliders for ecosystem monitoring across multiple trophic levels (plankton to cetaceans) and pollutants in shallow shelf seas, Meth-
ods in Oceanography, 2014, Vol. 10, pp. 70-89. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/ science/article/pii/ S2211122014000267?np=y (Accessed 17 February 2015).
6. Motyzhev S., Lunev E., Tolstosheev A. Increasing of effectiveness and reliability of data from drifting buoys, WMO-IOC Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. DBCP Technical Document No. 45. Presentation at the DBCP Scientific and Technical Workshop Fremantle. Australia, 2 October
2012, 23 p.
7. Sybrandy A.L. Global drifter programme. Barometer drifter design reference, DBCP Report, August, 2009, No. 4. Available at: http://www.jcommops.org/dbcp/community/standards.html
(Accessed 09 February 2015).
8. Sybrandy A.L. SVP Barometer Drifter Message Format. Available at: http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/dac/svpbform.html (Accessed 17 February 2015).
9. Recommended Irdium SBD dataformats. Available at: http://esurfmar.meteo.fr/doc/o/db/ others/DB_Iridium_formats.pdf (Accessed 16 February 2015).
10. Smirnov G.V. [i dr.]. Okeanologiya: Sredstva i metody okeanologicheskikh [Oceanology: the Means and methods of Oceanographic], Mezhdunar. assots. akad. nauk; RAN; Nats. Akad.
nauk Ukrainy. Moscow: Nauka, 2005, 795 p.
11. Lunev E.G. [i dr.]. Drifternaya izmeritel'no-informatsionnaya sistema dlya monitoringa techeniy v pribrezhnoy zone morya [Drift measurement and information system for the monitoring of currents in the coastal area], Morskoy gidrofizicheskiy zhurnal [Marine hydrophysical
journal], 2010, No. 5, pp. 50-62.
12. CNES Argos Platform Transmitter Terminal Certificate for the MT105A PTT from 30 October 2004.
13. Bernard Yann. Exciting results for the Argos-3 DBCP pilot project, Argos forum, 2010, No. 69, pp. 11.
14. Lunev E., Motyzhev S., Tolstosheev A. Technical Developments in 2009-2010 according to the
DBCP Pilot Projects Plans, WMO-IOC Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. DBCP Technical Document No. 39 (2011). Presentation at the DBCP Scientific and Technical Workshop. Oban, United Kingdom, 27 September 2010, pp. 17.
15. Motyzhev S.V., Lunev E.G., Tolstosheev A.P., Litvinenko S.R. Rezul'taty primeneniya sputnikovoy sistemy svyazi Iridium dlya zadach drifternogo obespecheniya rabot v okeane [The results of the application of satellite communications Iridium for tasks drift works in the ocean], Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa: Sb. nauchn. tr. [Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources: Collection of scientific works]. NAN Ukrainy, MGI, IGN, OF
InBYuM. Sevastopol, 2010, Issue 23, pp. 217-227.
16. Lunev E., Motyzhev S., Tolstosheev A. Review of Investigations in 2010-2011 to Progress Drifter Technology, WMO-IOC Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. DBCP Technical Document No. 43 (2011).Presentation at the DBCP Scientific and Technical Workshop. Geneva, Switzerland, 26 September 2011, pp. 17.
17. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Korotaev G.K., Motyzhev S.V. Termoprofiliruyushchiy dreyfuyushchiy buy [Thermoprofile drifting buoy], Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa [Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources], 2004, Issue 11, pp. 143-154.
18. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Motyzhev V.S. Razvitie sredstv i metodov drifternoy tekhnologii primenitel'no k probleme izucheniya Chernogo morya [The development of tools and methods
drifter technology applied to the problem of studying the Black sea], Okeanologiya [Oceanology], 2008, Vol 48, No. 1, pp. 149-158.
19. Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G., Motyzhev V.S. Issledovanie verkhnego sloya Chernogo morya s pomoshch'yu termoprofiliruyushchikh dreyfuyushchikh buev [A study of the Black sea upper layer using drifting buoys thermoprofile], Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa [Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources]. Sevastopol: MGI NAN Ukrainy, 2008, Issue. 16, pp. 116-123.
20. Tolstosheev A.P. Ispol'zovanie termoprofiliruyushchikh dreyfuyushchikh buev dlya izucheniya verkhnego sloya Chernogo morya [Use thermoprofile drifting buoys for the study of the Black sea upper layer], Sb. nauch. tr. “Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa” [Collection of scientific papers “Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources”]. Sevastopol, 2011, Issue 24,
pp. 273-278.
21. Steele M., Rigor I. Measuring of the Upper Layer Temperature of the Arctic Ocean. Results from the Third NSF AON Proncipal Investigators (PI) Meeting. Boulder, 30 November – 2 Decamber 2009, pp. 102-104.
22. UpTempO. Measuring the Upper layer Temperature of the Polar. – Режим доступа: Available at: http://psc.apl.washington.edu/UpTempO/ (Accessed 10 February 2015).
23. Lunev E.G. Avtomaticheskaya korrektsiya pogreshnosti izmeriteley atmosfernogo davleniya dlya SVP-B drifterov [Automatic correction of errors of measuring atmospheric pressure for SVP-B drifters], Vestnik SevGTU. Ser. Informatika, elektronika, svyaz' [Bulletin of Sevgtu. Series: computer science, electronics, communication], 2003, Issue 47, pp. 204-208.
24. Tolstosheev A.P. Metod vosstanovleniya traektoriy dreyfuyushchikh buev [Method for reconstructing the trajectories of drifting buoys], Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa [Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources]. Sevastopol: MGI NAN Ukrainy, 2007, Issue 15, pp. 392-396.
25. Motyzhev S.V., Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G. Razvitie drifternykh tekhnologiy i ikh vnedrenie v praktiku okeanograficheskikh nablyudeniy v Chernom more i Mirovom okeane [The development of the drift-net technologies and their implementation in practice Oceanographic observations in the Black sea and the World ocean], Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa [Ecological safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources]. Sevastopol: MGI NAN Ukrainy, 2011, Issue 24, pp. 259-272.
26. Motyzhev S., Lunev E., Tolstosheev A. Increasing of Effectiveness and Reliability of Data from Drifting Buoys, WMO-IOC Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. DBCP Technical Document No. 45. Proceedings at the DBCP Scientific and Technical Workshop. – Fremantle, Australia, 2 October 2012, pp. 23 Available at: ftp://ftp.wmo.int/Documents/PublicWeb/amp/mmop/
documents/dbcp/Dbcp45-Workshop-2012/Programme.html (Accessed 10 February 2015).
27. Zatsepin A.G. [i dr.]. Vikhrevye struktury i gorizontal'nyy vodoobmen v Chernom more [Vortex structures and horizontal water exchange in the Black sea], Kompleksnye issledovaniya severo-vostochnoy chasti Chernogo moray [Complex researches of a northeast part of the
Black Sea], 2002, pp. 55-81.
28. Motyzhev S.V. [i dr.]. Osobennosti drifternogo monitoringa Chernogo morya [Features drift monitoring of the Black sea], Under the edit. Ivanova V.A., Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' pribrezhnoy i shel'fovoy zon i kompleksnoe ispol'zovanie resursov shel'fa: Sb. nauchn. tr. [Eco-
logical safety of coastal and shelf zones and complex use of shelf resources: Collection of scientific works]. NAN Ukrainy, MGI, IGN, OF InBYuM. – Sevastopol', 2004, Issue 11, pp. 122-131.
29. Zhurbas V.M. [i dr.]. Tsirkulyatsiya vod i kharakteristiki raznomasshtabnykh techeniy v verkhnem sloe Chernogo morya po drifternym dannym [Water circulation and characteristics of multi-scale currents in the upper layer of the Black sea drift data], Okeanologiya [Oceanology], 2004, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 34-48.
30. Poulain P.M., Barbanti R., Motyzhev S., Zatsepin A.Statistical description of the Black Sea near-surface circulation using drifters in 1999 – 2003, Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 2005, Vol. 52, pp. 2250-2274.
31. Korotaev G.K. [et al.] Contribution of the Black Sea observing system to ECOOP, Ocean Sci. Discuss, 2011, No. 8, pp. 1695-1722.
32. Motyzhev S.V., Tolstosheev A.P., Lunev E.G. Sistemy operativnykh kontaktnykh nablyu-deniy v pribrezhnoy zone [System operational contact of observations in the coastal zone], Monitoring pribrezhnoy zony na Chernomorskom eksperi-mental'nom podsputnikovom poligone [Monitoring of the coastal zone of the black sea pilot ground truth polygon]. Sevastopol: Morskoy gidrofizicheskiy in-stitut, 2014, pp. 104-118.

Comments are closed.