Authors M.Y. Okhtilev, B.V. Sokolov, R.M. Yusupov
Month, Year 01, 2015 @en
Index UDC 519.8
Abstract Today the problem of complexity is one of the central one in control over modern and perspective organization-technical objects (or oversize – complex objects (CO). The problem includes a lot of aspects, such as complexity of description of both object under control and corresponding control system as a whole, complexity of modeling and prediction of their behavior, as well as complexity of decision making in the control system. As applied to complex organization-technical objects, an additional aspect of control is recognized, namely, the complexity management problem. Analysis brings out the advisability of conversion, in this case, to a new technology of control, based on the concept of proactive control. As applied to complex objects, the multifunctional concept generally includes functions of purpose formulation, planning, regulation, as well as accounting and supervision, monitoring and coordination. In contrast to traditionally employed reactive control, oriented to operative response and consequent exclusion of possible extraordinary and emergency situations, the proactive control over objects presupposes prevention of the above accidents through the creation, in the control system, of fundamentally new prognostic and preemptive features of formation and realization of control actions based on methods and technologies of system (complex) modeling. The authors proposed original dynamic multiple-model description of CO functioning at the different stages of their life cycle. Joint use of diverse models in the framework of poly-model systems, allows one to improve the flexibility and adaptability of CO, as well as to compensate the drawbacks of one class of models by the advantages of the other. Moreover authors suggested combined methods and algorithms of models coordination and adaptation. One of the main opportunities of the proposed method of CO structure dynamic control program construction is that besides the vector of program control we receive a preferable multi-structural macro-state of CO at the end point. This is the state of CO reliable operation in the current (forecasted) situation. Technological foundations conception of complex objects proactive monitoring management and control theory are proposed in the paper. Now this theory is comprehensive implemented in different apply areas such as rocket-space, nuclear energetic, transport-logistics spheres.

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Keywords Interdisciplinary approach; complexity management; proactive monitoring and control; integrated modeling and simulation.
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