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Article title FEATURES OF CREATION OF THE CLUSTER OF THE DISTRIBUTED SYSTEM OF DATA COLLECTION AND PROCESSING OF SENSORS
Authors N.S. Petrov
Section SECTION III. AUTOMATION AND CONTROL
Month, Year 04, 2015 @en
Index UDC 621.05.1
DOI
Abstract In article some problems of widespread modern hierarchical systems of monitoring and control of dynamic industrial objects and processes are described. The example of one of perspective technologies (intermachine interaction, machine-to-machine – M2M) which practical realization requires complex application of a set of the advanced achievements in the field of micro and a nanoelectronics, wireless to communication, sensors, mechatronics, energy efficiency, and also intellectual algorithmic and the software is given. As many modern standards of creation of systems of monitoring and control don"t meet the modern requirements any more and have no opportunity to be modernized by means of application of new technologies, new architectural concepts are necessary. It is offered to build the high-performance stream distributed systems of data collection and processing of sensors on the basis of the intelligent microprocessor communication and processing modules connected by high-speed wireless communication channels on hybrid topology (connection star, meshes and treelike). For increase of productivity and survivability systems are divided into local or functional clusters where the defining sign is location and typology of sources of information on object – sensors including intellectual. Tasks which need to be solved for an effective clustering of system of monitoring are given. As each system has the features, it is necessary to find an optimum ratio of the key parameters defining individual effective functioning. Besides structural and topological problems of creation of system, questions of synthesis of the hardware-software components maintaining high efficiency, reliability and possibility of situational management of topology of system both in case of reaction to emergency situations, and for flexibility in modernization and modification of the solved tasks are also subject to consideration.

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Keywords Distributed system; cluster; model; topology; wireless communication.
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