Authors E.V. Vorobiev, A.Ya. Nomerchuk, K.K. Arutyunov, G.G. Lisovoy, V.I. Plotnikov
Month, Year 08, 2015 @en
Index UDC 614.841.3, 614.842
Abstract The problem of forest fires is particularly acute extremely now due to the global warming, and also expansion of activity of the human. For fast detection of forest fires the systems including a number of technical means, algorithms of their work, analytical models, and also models for a prediction of emergence of the fires as on the basis of data on the district, weather characteristics, and on the basis of data from touch devices are used. The purpose of this article is illumination of technical components which with various share of success can be used for detection of forest fires. The main way of the solution of the maximum early, exact and effective detecting of the centers of ignition is association of various methods and devices of detecting in uniform system. Data have to be considered in the semi-automatic mode within the uniform mathematical model adapted for this region, type of the forest, climate. Basic elements of such system: subsystem of the sensors of various level distributed in environment taking into account a land relief and probability of formation of the centers of ignition; the radar devices calibrated for detection of a smoke; thermovisors and cameras; the data transmission subsystem constructed on protocols and the equipment with a low power consumption; the server device receiving and processing information with participation of the person. The system doesn"t assume use of aircraft for data collection as they are expensive, especially in big territories. Similar systems of early detection of forest fires it is expedient to carry out introduction at the state level in woody territories, to the subject increased fire-dangerous risk.

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Keywords Forestfire; preventionofforestfire; monitoringofforests; technical equipment of technosphere safety; system of radiolocation; gas-sensitive sensors; network providing for system of monitoring.
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