Article

Article title STUDY OF ELECTROCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS BASED ON POLYANILINE
Authors T.A. Moiseeva, T.N. Myasoedova
Section SECTION II. NANOTECHNOLOGY, MICROELECTRONICS AND MICROELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Month, Year 12, 2015 @en
Index UDC 54.057: 54.06: 546.831:547:681
DOI
Abstract A relevance of the using of new materials to creation supercapacitors is shown. It is shown, that the most promising material is polyaniline (PANI) and its composites. It is found, that the best method for obtaining of composite material based on chemical synthesis of PANI is chemical syn- thesis. This method allows to produce large quantities of conductive powder and to obtain conductive coating on different materials and to prepare conductive composite system. Silicon was selected as component in a composite material based on PANI due to its high specific surface area, large pore tunable porosity and high chemical resistance. Composite material based on PANI with different contents of Si were obtained by chemical oxidation of aniline without acid. Samples of electrodes PANI(Si)-5/PVS, PANI(Si)-10/PVS, PANI(Si)-30/PVS, PANI(Si)-50/PVS were formed on the basis of the composite material. Cyclic voltammograms were obtained in the range from -1 to 1 V at a scan rate of 25–100 mV/s in 0.5 M KOH solution for study the electrochemical characteristics. It was found, that the redox reactions, associated with transitions between solid form (leucoemeraldine)/polaronic emeraldine form and Faraday"s transformation emeraldine- pernigraniline, occur in samples. Specific capacity was calculated for obtained cyclic voltammogram. It was found, that than lower the scanning speed, that higher the specific capacity. Samples PANI(Si)-5/PVS at scan rate of 25 mV/s have maximum specific capacity (98 mF/g).

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Keywords Polyaniline; composite material; silicon; electrode; supercapacitor; chemical synthesis; specific capacity; leucoemeraldine; emeraldine; pernigraniline.
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