Article

Article title THE REQUIREMENTS TO THE INPUT OPTICAL PULSE SHAPE FOR A CHIRP SIGNAL GENERATION ON THE BASIS OF SELF-PHASE MODULATION
Authors Yu.V. Zachinyaev
Section SECTION II. RADIO ENGINEERING, TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Month, Year 09, 2016 @en
Index UDC 621.373.9
DOI 10.18522/2311-3103-2016-9-102113
Abstract The research is dedicated to one of the approaches in solving the problem of increasing the frequency deviation of the linear frequency modulation signals (LFM). The aim of the research is to obtain the optimal shape of the input optical pulse for the proper functioning of the self-phase modulation based chirp generator which allows achieving high values of the signal frequency deviation along with the high linearity of frequency dependence. The paper analyzes the structure of the device realizing the formation of signals with linear frequency of modulation based on self-phase modulation effect using the optical fiber element. The influence of the input optical pulse shape of transmitting optical module on the deviation of formed signals frequency and the linearity of frequence dependency has been studied. The relationship between the frequency deviation of the generated signal and frequency linearity for the three options for implementation of the pulse shape has also been estimated. It has been shown that because of the output signal nonlinear dependence of the frequency in case of super gaussian pulses and low frequency deviation values when using a bell-shaped pulses it is appropriate to use gaussian pulse as the input signal providing large frequency deviation at proper level of linearity of frequency dependency. It was revealed that the linearity of the output frequency dependence, estimated by the criterion of minimum nonlinearity coefficient, depends on the width of the Gaussian pulse, and increases with its growth. It has been found that the choice of the optimum Gaussian pulse width is determined according to the area assignment. If the high values of the frequency deviation are required without restrictions on the linearity of the frequency sweep law it seems appropriate to decrease the time constant of a Gaussian pulse. The results of research are related to the development of the theory of radio pro-cessors based on fiber-optic structures and can be used in radars, secure communications, geolo-cation and tomography.

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Keywords Linear frequency-modulated signals; effect of self-phase modulation; frequency deviation; pulse shape; optical fiber; optical transmitter module.
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