Authors V.I. Gorodetsky, O.V. Karsaev
Month, Year 01-02, 2017 @en
Index UDC 004.003, 004.896:62-5: 007.52
Abstract Orbital surveillance systems constitute an important information source needed to solve the wide range of civilian and military applications. Efficiency of such system performance depends on many factors and issues. Among technical, informational, technological, economical and other factors and issues, an important role belongs to the computational efficiency and quality of planning orbital distributed surveillance system missions and operational (real-time) control of the mission implementation. The paper concerns with the basic problems and various issues associated with the autonomous planning and control of collective behavior of small satellite cluster destined to collect information about Earth-located objects. In it, the novel conception of operational model of distributed orbital surveillance system is proposed. The self-organized collective behavior model of small satellite cluster constitutes the basis of this conception. Such the conception intends for fully autonomous implementation of the satellite cluster mission planning and control with allocation of the corresponding tasks over the computing resources of the satellites themselves. The fundamentals of the proposed model is currently being actively developed in the area of multi-agent systems research. The paper provides for a brief survey on the current state-of-the-art with the researches and developments in the area of the control systems for small satellite clusters. It formulates general problem statement considering cluster of small satellites as a completely autonomous system destined for the fulfilment of the dynamic flow of orders on collection and delivery of the space information about ground objects. At that, it is assumed that corresponding control system operates in real time mode and concurrently performs the order execution planning and scheduling, according to the space and temporal relations predefined by the order customers. It also supervises the distributed order fulfilment and processing in cases of exceptional situations. The paper provides for detailed description of the proposed conception of self-organized group control system and architecture of its software implementation.

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Keywords Small satellite; satellite resources; surveillance; distributed surveillance system; autonomous mission; self-organization; collective behavior; peer-to-peer satellite interaction; dynamic communication network.
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