Authors V.N. Gridin, A.P. Smakhtin
Month, Year 03, 2017 @en
Index UDC 504.61:504.4/.8:351.78:614.8
Abstract The destructive tropical cyclones in its negative impact on the environment is comparable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, wildfires and floods. The main destruc-tive tropical cyclones occur in the United States shores, Mexico, Cuba, Japan, China, the Philip-pines and the Far East of the Russian Federation. Every year they lead to loss of many lives and billions of US dollars. At present, an absence of an adequate physical model of tropical cyclones does not allow to successfully struggle against these disasters. Nowadays the population is warned about possible disasters for the purpose of timely evacuation to safe areas with the use of areas monitoring of origin and development of destructive tropical cyclones. The physical and mathemati-cal models presented in given paper allow estimating the characteristic time of one turn of a tropical whirlwind. Comparison of the received estimated sizes of the period of rotation of a tropical cyclone on an example of cyclone Olivia has shown quite good conformity to experimentally measured size of its period of rotation. This result is reliable confirming of adequacy using models of the tropical cyclones intensification to the studied natural phenomenon. With an eye to a key role, which the atmospheric electricity plays in the mechanism of promotion of an initial atmospheric whirlwind, it is possible with sufficient degree of confidence to speak about a possibility of creation of effective practical methods for suppression of destructive tropical cyclones on their initial stage. One of existing in space technology electro-rocket engines may serve as a prototype of the offered electro-charging arrangement. For example, the pulse plasma trustor (PPT) may be selected.

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Keywords Atmospheric electricity; magneto-hydrodynamic rotation; Z- and Ѳ pinch; artificial electrical atmospheric discharge.
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