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Article title APPROXIMATE ACCOUNT OF RADIOWAVE DIFFRACTION IN THE CALCULATION OF A WIRELESS NETWORK COVERAGE AREA
Authors A.I. Panychev, A.A. Vaganova
Section SECTION III. RADIO ENGINEERING AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Month, Year 05, 2017 @en
Index UDC 621.396
DOI
Abstract The paper is devoted to developing a way of approximate account of radiowave diffraction, which allows to determine the intensity distribution of the diffraction field indoors. Proposed analytic and computational methods for accelerating the calculation of the diffraction coefficients on an infinite wedge make it possible to carry out an approximate calculation of the diffraction field with a reduction in computational costs in problems of multipath propagation in enclosed spaces. Simplification in the analytic part consists in using the asymptotics of the Fresnel integral for the values of the argument, which are characteristic for the geometric dimensions of the room. Simplification in the computational part consists in preliminarily cutting off the region where the diffraction coefficients have a magnitude of the first and smaller order of smallness. The shown results allow to determine the dependence of the direction of the diffraction maximums on the angle of incidence, which make it possible to take into account the diffraction rays only in the narrow angular sectors where the diffraction makes an appreciable contribution to the overall intensity of the electromagnetic field. It is found that areas with a clearly low level of the diffraction field intensity occupy a significant part of the room, and excluding them from consideration makes it possible to reduce the computational resources substantially in the calculation of the coverage area. This is proved by the field intensity calculations, which show that using the proposed simplifications allows to decrease the calculation time in 80 times. The coverage area is simulated with the help of all the developed approaches of approximate calculation of the diffraction coefficients. It is found that the results of exact and approximate calculations of field intensity in the areas with the highest level of the diffraction rays are in good agreement. The obtained results make it possible to conclude that the use of the proposed approach of approximate calculation is an appropriate compromise between the accuracy of the obtained result and the required costs of computational resources.

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Keywords Diffraction on a wedge; diffraction coefficients; wireless local area network; WLAN; inten-sity; Fresnel integral; indoor propagation; ray tracing; coverage area; multibeam propagation.
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