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Article title FORMATION OF NANOSCALE STRUCTURES OF GALLIUM ARSENIDE BY LOCAL ANODIC OXIDATION AND PLASMA-CHEMICAL ETCHING
Authors V. S. Klimin
Section SECTION I. ELECTRONICS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY
Month, Year 02, 2018 @en
Index UDC 389.159
DOI 10.23683/2311-3103-2018-2-68-75
Abstract The main goal of the work was to study the modes of processing and profiling structures based on gallium arsenide by a combination of local anodic oxidation methods and the combined plasma chemical etching method taking into account the formation voltage of the oxide masking layer and the etching time. In this paper, a combination of local anodic oxidation and plasma-chemical etching was used to treat near-surface structures based on gallium arsenide. Local anodic oxidation was carried out by means of scanning probe microscopy using a silicon probe. Plasma chemical treatment was carried out in a discharge by a combined plasma using two types of capacitive and inductively coupled discharge. This technology allows you to combine the advantages of two types of categories. The high concentration of electrons and ions provides a high etching rate, and the capacitive discharge allows the ions to be guided along the field and directed perpendicular to the substrate to be treated, allows to reduce energy costs for production, and also to increase the yield of suitable products, which leads to a reduction in the cost of devices based on this technology. Eliminating the operations associated with liquid lithography reduces the relative toxicity of processes. Local anodic oxidation was used to obtain an oxide layer of thickness 6.6 ± 0.2 nm, which serves as a masking coating for subsequent plasma chemical etching. The surface roughness after removal of the oxide layer was 0.51 ± 0.09 nm. The application of a combined plasma discharge for nano sized profiling with the use of two types of discharge - capacitive and inductively coupled, which allows combining the advantages of both types of discharges is considered. A high concentration of electrons and ions ensures a high etching rate, and a capacitive discharge allows you to orient the ions obtained along the field and direct them perpendicular to the surface being treated. The influence of etching modes on surface morphology and parameters of nanoscale structures is studied. Dependences of the height of oxide structures on the formation stress and the thickness of the oxide layer are obtained.

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Keywords Nanotechnology; atomic force microscopy; gallium arsenide; nanostructures; local anodic oxidation; plasma chemical etching; nanomaterials; planar technology, low-temperature plasma.
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