Authors A. M. Pashayev, A. R. Hasanov, R. N. Nabiyev, I. A. Iskenderov
Month, Year 03, 2018 @en
Index UDC 629.73: 621.396
Abstract Correct weighting and balancing of aircraft prior to take-off plays an important role in improving efficiency and safety of flights. Widely used methods and means of determining weight and balance before departure, with the graphical method which is the most used one, are not mathematically accurate, since the average weight of passengers is taken into account. Along with this, it takes a lot of time to perform calculations and fill out the documentation, and the accuracy of calculations depends on the qualification of the employee. Therefore, the development of systems for determining the mass and the center of gravity with increased accuracy, efficiency and informativity is a very urgent task nowadays. The paper analyzes the features of existing methods and means of determining the aircraft weight and its center of gravity, as well as preparatory operations to determine the center of mass, calculate the weight and centering data of the aircraft. Using the example of the aircraft A320-214, an analysis of the root-mean-square deviation, the average error in the calculation and the probable error in determining the weight of the aircraft was carried out. Features of Loadsheet (loading table) and Trimsheet (tables of alignment) and difficulties connected with their usage are analyzed, features of electronic scales allowing to determine the load and centering of aircraft in stationary conditions and mobile electronic scales based on pressure sensors as the main means of direct weight measurement, as well as the possibility of practical application of more modern methods for determining the weight and center of gravity of aircraft are considered. The essence and possibilities of the previously developed method of contactless determination of mass are described. The results of theoretical and experimental studies on the development of a system for contactless determination of the weight and balance of the aircraft are presented. The choice of methods and means for measuring the vertical displacement of the aircraft fuselage for the implementation of the proposed system is substantiated. The choice of methods and means for measuring the vertical displacement of the aircraft fuselage to implement the proposed system is substantiated. A model for constructing the proposed system using a non-contact method, both on-board applications and ground-based applications, is given. The results of experimental studies conducted on the various types of aircraft are presented. The possibilities and prospects for building a system for contactless remote monitoring of weighting and balance of aircraft are considered.

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Keywords Loading; weight; center of gravity; weighing; displacement of the fuselage; non-contact measurement; remote control.
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