Authors L.V. Voskovskaya
Month, Year 10, 2012 @en
Index UDC 159.922
Abstract The article presents the results of theoretical and empirical research of relation to death of people with different religious orientations. It is shown that data about the role of religion in forming the concept of personal death is contradictory because of the absence of thorough analyze of the concept of death. For a comprehensive investigation of relation to death the three-component structure of the relationship, proposed by V.N. Myasishchev, is applied. It is also noted that in the study of religion it is necessary to distinguish the behavioral, i.e. external, and the spiritual, hidden from external observation, religiosity. For this work we use the G. Allport theory. In the course of empirical research it has shown that cognitive, emotional and behavioral components of attitudes toward death among people with different religious orientations, have their own specifics.

Download PDF

Keywords Relation to death; religiosity; religious orientations; cognitive; emotional and behavioral components.
References 1. Spilk B., Hood R., Hunsberger B., Gorsuch R. The psychology of religion: An empirical approach. – N.Y.: Guilford Press, 2003.
2. Becker E. The denial of death. – N.Y.: Free Press, 1973.
3. Leming M. Religion and Death: A Test of Homans' Thesis // The Journal of Death and Dying. – 1979-80. – Vol. 10, № 4. – P. 347-364.
4. Powell F.C., Thorson J.A. Life, death, and life after death: Meanings of the relationship between death anxiety and religion // Journal of Religious Gerontology. – 1991. – Vol. 8, №. 1. – P. 41-56.
5. Duff R., Hong L. Age density, religiosity, and death anxiety in retirement communities // Review of Religious Research. – 1995. – Vol. 37, №. 1. – P. 19-32.
6. Dezutter J., Soenens B., Hutsebaut D. Religiosity and mental health: A further exploration of the relative importance of religious behaviors versus religious attitudes // Personality and Indi-
vidual Differences. – 2006. – Vol. 40. – P. 807-818.
7. Dezutter J., Soenens B., Luyckx K., Bruyneel S., Vansteenkiste M., Duriez B., Hutsebaut D. The role of religion in death attitudes: distinguishing between religious belief and style of processing religious contents // Death Stud. – 2009. – Vol. 33, № 1. – P. 73-92.
8. Олпорт Г. Личность в психологии. – М.: КСП+; СПб.: Ювента, 1998.
9. Cohen A., Pierce J., Chambers J., Meade R., Gorvine B., & Koenig H. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity, belief in the afterlife, death anxiety, and life satisfaction in young Catholics and
Protestants // Journal of Research in Personality. – 2005. – 39. – P. 307-324.
10. Allport G.W., Ross J.M. Personal religious orientation and prejudice // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. – 1967. – Vol. 5, № 4. – P. 432-443.
11. Hood R.W. Religious orientation and the report of religious experience // Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. – 1970. – Vol. 9, № 4. – P. 285-291.
12. Hood R.W. The usefulness of the indiscriminately pro and anti-categories of religious orientation // Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. – 1978. – Vol. 17, № 4. – P. 418-31.
13. Шутова Л.В. (Восковская Л.В.) Отображение смысложизненных и ценностных ориентаций в отношении к жизни и смерти у лиц юношеского возраста: дисс. … канд. псих. наук. – Ставрополь, 2005.
14. Neimeyer R., Wittkowski J., Moser R.P. Psychological research on death attitudes: An overview and evaluation // Death Studies. – 2004. – Vol. 28, № 4. – P. 309-340.
15. Мясищев В.Н. Психология отношения. – Воронеж: НПО «МОДЭК», 1995 г.

Comments are closed.